Why should we not update the state directly?

If you try to update state directly then it won't re-render the component.

this.state.message = 'Hello world';

Instead use setState() method. It schedules an update to a component's state object. When state changes, the component responds by re-rendering.

this.setState({ message: 'Hello World' });

Note: You can directly assign to the state object either in constructor or using latest javascript's class field declaration syntax.

October 23, 2022