What is metadata?

Metadata is used to decorate a class so that it can configure the expected behavior of the class. The metadata is represented by decorators

  1. Class decorators, e.g. @Component and @NgModule
import { NgModule, Component } from '@angular/core';
@Component({
selector: 'my-component',
template: '<div>Class decorator</div>',
})
export class MyComponent {
constructor() {
console.log('Hey I am a component!');
}
}
@NgModule({
imports: [],
declarations: [],
})
export class MyModule {
constructor() {
console.log('Hey I am a module!');
}
}
  1. Property decorators Used for properties inside classes, e.g. @Input and @Output
import { Component, Input } from '@angular/core';
@Component({
selector: 'my-component',
template: '<div>Property decorator</div>',
})
export class MyComponent {
@Input()
title: string;
}
  1. Method decorators Used for methods inside classes, e.g. @HostListener
import { Component, HostListener } from '@angular/core';
@Component({
selector: 'my-component',
template: '<div>Method decorator</div>',
})
export class MyComponent {
@HostListener('click', ['$event'])
onHostClick(event: Event) {
// clicked, `event` available
}
}
  1. Parameter decorators Used for parameters inside class constructors, e.g. @Inject, Optional
import { Component, Inject } from '@angular/core';
import { MyService } from './my-service';
@Component({
selector: 'my-component',
template: '<div>Parameter decorator</div>',
})
export class MyComponent {
constructor(@Inject(MyService) myService) {
console.log(myService); // MyService
}
}

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Made by Michael Sakhniuk

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